According to the article, it’s “unfounded speculation” to claim the heads resemble Africans. My eyes tell me the heads resemble Africans. In fact, they could be artifacts created by those from the lost ancient House of Israel who were, and are Negros/Blacks. However, that is another story for another time. (r. a. intro)
Article By Mark Cartwright, M.A. Posted by r. a. Fri., Dec.16, 2016
The stone head sculptures of the Olmec civilization of the Gulf Coast of Mexico (1200 BCE – 400 BCE) are amongst the most mysterious and debated artifacts from the ancient world. The most agreed upon theory is that, because of their unique physical features and the difficulty and cost involved in their creation, they represent Olmec rulers.
Seventeen heads have been discovered to date, 10 of which are from San Lorenzo and 4 from La Venta; two of the most important Olmec centres. The heads were each carved from a single basalt boulder which in some cases were transported 100 km or more to their final destination, presumably using huge balsa river rafts wherever possible and log rollers on land. The principal source of this heavy stone was Cerro Cintepec in the Tuxtla Mountains.
The heads can be nearly 3 m high (9.8 feet) 4.5 metres (14.7 feet) in circumference and average around 8 tons in weight. The heads were sculpted using hard hand-held stones and it is likely that they were originally painted using bright colours.
The fact that these giant sculptures depict only the head may be explained by the widely held belief in Mesoamerican culture that it was the head alone which contained the emotions, experience, and soul of an individual.
Facial details were drilled into the stone (using reeds and wet sand) so that prominent features such as the eyes, mouth, and nostrils have real depth. Some also have deliberately drilled dimples on the cheeks, chin, and lips. The heads all display unique facial features – often in a very naturalistic and expressive manner – so that they may be considered portraits of actual rulers.
The physiognomy of the sculptures has given rise to unfounded speculation of contact with civilizations from Africa. In fact, the physical features common to the heads are still seen today in residents of the modern Mexican cities of Tabasco and Veracruz.
Many of the stones are difficult to place in their original context as they were not necessarily found in the positions the Olmecs had originally put them. Indeed, Almere Read (41) suggests that even the Olmecs themselves regularly moved the heads around for different ritual purposes.
Other heads might have been discovered out of their original setting is suggested by the fact that very often they show signs of deliberate vandalism and most were buried sometime before 900 BCE in what appears to have been a purposeful ritual distancing with the past.
The heads were buried and forgotten for nearly three thousand years until the first head was re-discovered, in 1871 CE, with the last being excavated as recently as 1994 CE.
Full article here: http://www.ancient.eu/article/672/