Behold, the day of the Lord cometh … For I will gather all nations against Jerusalem to battle… ( Zechariah Chpt.14 verses 1 – 2) [r. a. note]
Middle East Eye By Staff Posted Wed., Jan.04, 2017
Republican senators have introduced a bill to recognise Jerusalem as Israel’s capital and relocate the US embassy there from Tel Aviv, a move backed by President-elect Donald Trump but one that Palestinian leaders say will deal a fatal blow to prospects for peace.
Ted Cruz, Dean Heller and Marco Rubio unveiled the Jerusalem Embassy and Recognition Act on Tuesday, the latest in a long line of Republican attempts to recognise Jerusalem as Israel’s capital.
Trump has repeatedly promised to relocate the embassy. David Friedman, his nominee for ambassador, has said he looks forward to serving in Jerusalem.
But it is a pledge critics say could unleash violence and imperil any hopes of a peace process with Palestine and the future of a two-state solution.
The status of Jerusalem has been a divisive issue with the Palestinians since the Israelis occupied it in the 1967 war. East Jerusalem is seen by Palestinians as their historic capital.
Congress passed a law in 1995 ordering the move to Jerusalem. However, every president since then has prevented it, often citing “national security concerns”.
Marco Rubio stated: “It’s time for Congress and the president-elect to eliminate the loophole that has allowed presidents in both parties to ignore US law and delay our embassy’s rightful relocation to Jerusalem for over two decades.”
Jerusalem is claimed by Israel as its “eternal united capital”, but Palestinians claim Palestinian-majority East Jerusalem as the capital of their future state. Under international law, East Jerusalem has been illegally occupied by Israel since the 1967 war.
Saeb Erekat, a senior Palestinian peace negotiator, warned in December that moving the embassy would result in the “destruction of the peace process as a whole”.
“Donald Trump’s announcement of his cabinet… is his business,” Erekat said, but added: “What is not Donald Trump’s business is to determine the capitals of other nations, especially when it comes to occupied East Jerusalem.”
He said there was a difference between “the interest of this person or that person” and “the long-standing position that the United States took since 1967 – considering the annexation of East Jerusalem as illegal” and its control of the West Bank as illegal.